Hinduism has taken various position, ranging from positive to neutral or antagonistic. Rigveda, one of the four canonical sacred texts of Hinduism says “Vikruti Evam Praknti” (perversity/diversity is what nature is all about, or, what seems un-natural is also natural), which some scholars believe recognizes homosexuality as natural, if not an approval of homosexuality. However, sexuality is rarely discussed openly in hindu society today. And homosexuality is largely a taboo subject- especially among the strongly religious. In a 2004 survey, most swamis said they opposed the concept of a hindu-sanctified gay marriage. Some of the law codes,such as that of manu smriti refer to both female and male homosexuality as a punishable crime. Punishments include ritual bath, fines, public humiliation and having fingers cut off. However, the bulk of sexual matters dealt with by the law books are heterosexual in nature.